Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committee Systematic Review | Canada



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Project Description:

Joint Health and Safety Committees (JHSCs) are widely acknowledged as important to a healthy and safe work environment. However, it is also widely believed that having a JHSC is necessary but not sufficient; the JHSC must be effective.

A systematic review was undertaken to find empirical studies regarding effective JHSCs; realist review methodology was applied to determine context-mechanism-outcome patterns. Experts from across Canada, various sectors and perspectives including government, employers and unions, were brought together to inform the synthesis.

Thirty-one studies met inclusion criteria. Mechanisms identified as important determinants of JHSC effectiveness across various jurisdictions include adequate information, education and training; appropriate committee composition; senior management commitment to JHSCs and especially a clear mandate with broad scope and corresponding empowerment (possibly legislatively).

Consistent empowerment mechanisms emerge as determinants of successful JHSCs across contexts despite few evidence-based details for best practice implementation. Intervention research is now warranted.


The final report on this project is available on the WorkSafeBC website.